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Forager V4.1.9

Forager V4.1.9 ===>

Forager V4.1.9

Archaeological research has documented the migration of Neolithic farmers onto the Tibetan Plateau by 4000 BC. How these incoming groups interacted, if at all, with local indigenous foragers, however, remains unclear. New archaeobotanical and zooarchaeological data from the Zongri site in the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau suggest that local foragers continued to hunt but supplemented their diet with agricultural products in the form of millet. The authors propose that, rather than being grown locally, this millet was acquired via exchange with farmers. This article highlights how indigenous foragers engaged in complex patterns of material and cultural exchange through encounters with newly arrived farmers.

We compare phylogenetic diversity, taxonomic relative abundance and the short-chain fatty-acid (SCFA) profile of the Hadza microbiome with those of 16 urban living Italian adults from Bologna, Italy. We then compare these data with previously published data on two different rural African groups from Burkina Faso (BF) and Malawi4,9 to identify GM features unique to the Hadza lifestyle. This study presents the first characterization of a forager GM through work with the Hadza hunter-gatherers, and will allow us to understand how the human microbiota aligns with a foraging lifestyle, one in which all human ancestors participated before the Neolithic transition. 59ce067264


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